How To Perfect Your Running Form

  • 1. Lean Forward
    1 / 4 1. Lean Forward

    Aim for a slight forward tilt-about two or three degrees, says Salazar. You don’t want to lean too far forward or too far back. Too far forward and you shove your full body weight into the ground with each stride. Too far back, and you jam your heels.

    How to do it:

    To promote a properly tilted and aligned neck and torso, allow your eyes to guide you. Instead of looking down at the ground, let your gaze settle on the horizon. Keep your chin tucked in instead of letting it jut out.

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  • 2. Take Hand
    2 / 4 2. Take Hand

    “The typical runner never thinks about his hands, but in fact they’re crucial,” Salazar says. “Your arms should swing back and forward, not across your body.” With each stride, bring your hand to the vertical midpoint of your torso, but don’t let your hand cross that midline. If it does, your body will rock from side to side.

    How to do it:

    To release tension in your hands and arms, run with your hands forming a loose fist; imagine that each hand is carrying a pretzel that you don’t want to break.

    Related: How To Run 1.6km (1 Mile) In 6 Minutes

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  • 3. Be On The Ball
    3 / 4 3. Be On The Ball

    “If you land on your heel, you’re almost certainly overstriding,” says Salazar. “You’re pounding your leg into the ground with each stride and increasing your risk of injury. When you land on the balls of your feet, you flow with your forward energy.” A recent study of Harvard runners supports Salazar’s theory; it found that forefoot strikers have fewer injuries than heel strikers.

    How to do it:

    Flick back your heel quickly after contact; visualize pawing the ground with the balls of your feet.

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  • 4. Use your Arms
    4 / 4 4. Use your Arms

    The fourth key to a successful stride, Salazar says, is arm carriage. “Your shoulders need to be relaxed and sloping down, and your elbows should be slightly bent,” he says. “If you tighten your shoulders and let them point up instead, your arms start to flail and you lose that circular, forward-flowing drive.”

    Related: 3 Tips To Run Smarter (And Faster) Than Your Opponent

    How to do it:

    As fatigue sets in, your shoulders tend to lift and tighten. When this happens, briefly drop your hands and shake out your arms to relax your muscles.

    By John Brant

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